How to Create a Product Attribute in Magento 2

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Product Attribute is the characteristics of the products that your customers will consider to see if that item fits their needs or not, such as the size of a shirt or the color of a bag, etc. As a Magento 2 store owner, you should know how to create a Product Attribute in order to provide essential product information, classify items strategically, and speed up customers’ decision making process. In this post, let’s find out what the product attribute is, and how to create one. You can follow this how to create product attributes programmatically post as well.

Discover how to create Product Attribute Sets in Magento 2

What is the product attribute?

The attributes which are the block of a product in a catalog which enable customers to point to the existing characteristics of your product. You are allowed to create as many attributes as you need for a product in Magento 2 configuration. Each attribute will approve only one type of input that you will assign in the settings. Beside giving additional information of the product, the attributes are also used as search parameters and criteria to filter in layered navigation M2, product comparison reports, and promotions.

How to create a product attribute Add Attributes

The product attributes can be created from the Stores menu or the Product Detail page where you are working with the product.

How to create a product attribute Overview of Adding Attributes

Read how to update product attributes in bulk

5 Steps to Create a Product Attribute in Magento 2

Please follow all these steps with detailed guides to create a Product Attribute:

Step 1: Create a New Attribute

  • On the Admin Panel, Product > Inventory > Catalog, click on Edit link on the Product Detail page, then click on Add Attribute.

How to create a product attribute create new Attribute

  • If you want to use an existing attribute, type the name of the needed attribute into the search box to find it or hit the search box and select the needed one from the dropdown list.
  • If you want to use a new attribute for the product, just click the New Attribute and move to the next steps.

    You can also go to the New Attribute page by doing the following: On the Admin Panel, Store > Attributes > Product, the click the Add New Attribute

Step 2: Complete the Basic Properties

In this step, you are going to fill in the Basic Properties of a product attribute.

How to create a product attribute Basic Properties

  • Insert the Default Label to describe the attribute.
  • In the Catalog Input Type for Store Owner, choose the type of the input from a list.
  • For Dropdown and Multiple Select, you need to add options for them.
    • Under Manage Options, click the Add option.
    • Name for the first value that is shown in the list, simultaneously, you can name for the value under Admin and different values for each store view when you have multiple store views. If there is only one store view, the Admin value is auto-applied for the storefront.
    • Click Add Option and do the above guides again for the next options.
    • Mark the Is Default checkbox if you want to use it as the default.

How to create a product attribute Add Options

  • Choose Yes for the Value Required to ask customers to select the options before purchasing.

Step 3: Complete the Advanced Properties (Optional)

The Advanced Properties include extra details of the attribute, so this step is optional.

  • Insert the Attribute Code that is less than 30 characters and excluded spaces.

How to create a product attribute Advanced Attribute Properties

  • The Scope includes Store View, Website, and Global.You will choose one of three places in your store system where the appearance of attribute is approved.
  • Apply the Unique Value if you do not want to share it with other products.
  • Choose the type of data that is filled into a text field from a list of the Input Validation for Store Owner. The following input types are valid:
    • Decimal Number
    • Integer Number
    • Email
    • URL
    • Letters
    • Letters (a-z,A-Z) or Number (0-9)

    How to create a product attribute Input Validation

Step 4: Insert the Field Label

Adding Field Label will help you find and manage the attributes more easily:

  • Open the Manage Title section.
  • Insert the Title that is shown for the field label. In case of multiple languages supported on your store, insert the translation of the title for each view.

How to create a product attribute Manage Title

Step 5: Complete the Storefront Properties

Now, you need to set up the details in Storefront Properties to decide how the attribute is shown in the frontend:

  • Look down the Store Properties.

How to create a product attribute Storefront Properties

  • Choose Yes for the Use in Search to be ready for searching the attribute.
  • Allow comparing the product attributes in Product Compare if you choose Yes in the Comparable on Storefront field.
  • If the catalog input field is Dropdown, Multiple Select or Price, you can do the following:
    • Allow filtering the attribute in the Layered Navigation if you set Yes for the Use in Layered Navigation.
    • Show the attribute in layered navigation on the search result page if you set Yes for Use in Search Results Layered Navigation.
    • Set the Position of the attribute in the layered navigation block.
  • Choose Yes in the Use for Promo Rule Conditions field to apply the product attribute for the price rules.
  • Enable HTML format for the text when you set Yes for Allow HTML Tags to Frontend and the WYSIWYG editor is ready to edit the text all time.
  • To make the attribute visible in catalog page listing, choose Yes in the Visible on Catalog Pages on Storefront field.
  • If Product Listing is supported at your store, the attribute can be appeared and be used as sort parameter. Configuring that from the Used in Product Listing and Used for Sorting in Product Listing field.
  • Save Attribute to finish all.

Check this product filtering solution - Layered Navigation now!

Input Type Description

In the settings progress of creating the new product attribute, there are many input types you need to assign directly to the attribute fields such as Text Field, Dropdown, or Yes/No. The input types will specify the type of data that is inserted into the fields, the format of the fields and input control. All attribute fields take a responsibility to give more details about your products and it is required for the customers to complete them before purchasing if needed.

  • Text Field: The field supports text type with only one line.
  • Text Area: The text area is the text field with multiple lines in it. It allows a paragraph such as product description. For the text area, the WYSIWYG Editor is available to format with HTML tags, or insert tags directly into the text.
  • Date: The Date value can be entered directly or selected from the dropdown list or click on the Calendar icon that depend on your purpose.
  • Yes/No: The field includes 2 options: Yes and No in the dropdown.
  • Dropdown: Dropdown allows listing all values for the field at the same time and accepts only one value.
  • Multiple Select: Many values will be accepted at the same time in the field. All values appear in the dropdown.
  • Price: Price value is set for the price field of the product. You can also use the Price value for Special Price, Tier Price or Cost field. The currency is based on your configuration.
  • Media Image: The images of the attribute in the Media Image field will link to an additional image of the product with Base, Small, and Thumbnail although the thumbnail gallery will not include the media image.
  • Fixed Product Tax: Give the fixed number for FPT rate
  • Visual Swatch: The visual swatches can describe the true color, texture, or pattern with a hexadecimal color value, or an image.
  • Text Swatch: A text swatch is like a button that is used for an attribute value as size.

The bottom line

Product attributes play an essential role in how you manage your inventories and how customers can navigate in the product search process. That is why this tutorial on how to create product attributes in Magento 2 will be helpful for online stores like you. We understand that you may find it hard to identify and set up certain attributes, so please leave comments for our help. When you are done with creating product attributes, we attach the category-related topics that you may love to read.

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