How to Create and Configure Magento 2 Cron?

Magento 2 Create Cron Job is setting an automatic schedule on time, which is really convenient when you run a Magento 2 store. Why is it such a useful function? For example, a software like website statistics or content management system may require activities at a certain time, but you cannot take care of that manually. That is when creating Cron Job on your web server becomes handy.

And don’t worry about the complex tutorial, as I am here to make it simple and easy for you to follow. Even if you are not tech-savvy, you can still learn it with ease.

Magento 2 Create Cron Job Programmatically

What is a Cron Job?

Cron Job is a great feature by Linux, the free operating system for the user. The cron Job will create a command or a script that is appropriate with the task you want to do. Instead of manual working, the Cron Job allows running automatically in exact time and date. Due to its automation, the Cron Jobs is the perfect choice for repeated projects every date or every week.


Cron configuration is very important in Magento to set the schedule for many system activities such as reindexing Magento 2, auto-update of currency rates, Magento emails, etc. Only when the configuration is correct, the cron job is active. In case there is an error, this means Magento won’t function as expected.

How to Create Cron Job in Magento 2

Please follow the guides to start the cron job program as your wish:

  • Create a class within the “Cron” folder

  • Manually setup the cron schedule by using PHP: bin/magento cron:run

  • Find a log in the var/log/system.log after the cron job has run.

  • Login to Magento 2 Admin panel, do as the path: Stores > Configuration > Advanced > System, then change scheduler settings per cron group.

  • Finally, run cron from the command line:

magento cron:run [--group="<cron group name>"]

Now, We will add a custom cron in the HelloWorld module.

Create crontab.xml

File: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/etc/crontab.xml

Content would be

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<config xmlns:xsi="" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:module:Magento_Cron:etc/crontab.xsd">
	<group id="default">
		<job instance="Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Cron\Test" method="execute" name="mageplaza_helloworld_cron">
			<schedule>* * * * *</schedule>

  • group id is your cron group name. You can run only cron for single group at a time.
  • job instance is a class to be instantiated (classpath).
  • job method is the method in job instance to call.
  • job name is Unique ID for this cron job.
  • schedule is the schedule in cron format. The following graph shows what it consists of:
* * * * * command to be executed
| | | | |
| | | | +----- Day of week (0 - 7) (Sunday=0 or 7)
| | | +------- Month (1 - 12)
| | +--------- Day of month (1 - 31)
| +----------- Hour (0 - 23)
+------------- Minute (0 - 59)

In crontab.xml, we have defined job instance as Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Cron\Test. It should be created now.

Create Test.php

File: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/Cron/Test.php

Content would be:


namespace Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Cron;

class Test

	public function execute()

		$writer = new \Zend\Log\Writer\Stream(BP . '/var/log/cron.log');
		$logger = new \Zend\Log\Logger();

		return $this;


All done, now please flush cache and run magento cron:run --group="default" from the command line.

To check whether the Cron is working properly, go to var/log/cron.log of your store and you will see the text Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Cron\Test::execute in it.

Applications of Cron Job for Magento 2

Several Magento features require at least one Cron Job, which schedules activities to occur in the future. A partial list of these activities follows:

Cron Schedule

Cron Schedule for Magento 2

A great tool to help store admins view, manage, and schedule cron tasks with ease from the store backend

Check it out!

Final words

As you can see, if Cron Jobs are configured programmatically in Magento 2, your management workload can be reduced greatly, and customers can gain a better experience when navigating through your site.

Enjoyed the tutorial? Spread it to your friends!


Sam Thomas
Sam Thomas

Sam is the CEO and Founder of Mageplaza, pursuing a simple and healthy lifestyle. He is a friend, a husband, and a father to two children. As a trainer and an aspiring influencer, he is also a big fan of sports and travel. Sam is exceptionally knowledgeable about e-commerce, especially Magento and Shopify, with 10 years of experience in the field.

People also searched for

  • magento 2 create cron job
  • magento 2 add cron job
  • create cron magento 2
  • magento 2 create cron job programmatically
  • magento 2 cron job
  • magento 2 cron
  • create cron job magento 2
  • magento 2 create custom cron job
  • magento 2 create cron
  • cron job in magento 2
  • cron magento 2
  • cron job magento 2
  • how to create cron job in magento 2
  • magento 2 cron jobs
  • magento2 cron
  • cron in magento 2
  • magento 2 custom cron job
  • magento 2 cronjob
  • magento cron job
  • magento 2 cron run command
  • cronjob magento 2
  • setup cron magento 2
  • magento 2 cron setup
  • magento 2 cron job setup
  • magento 2 cron schedule
  • magento cron job setup
  • how to setup cron job in magento 2 admin
  • magento 2 crontab
  • cron run magento 2
  • run cron magento 2
  • 2.2.x, 2.3.x, 2.4.x