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What is Product Marketing? Core functions of product marketing

Summer Nguyen | 02-26-2020

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Marketing, in general, is a set of activities to attract customers and build relationships with them. Content marketing involves increasing brand awareness and nurturing visitors into customers via blogs, e-books, webinars. Brand marketing highlights your brand to promote your products and services. All kinds of marketing operate at the corporate level.

Product marketing is a little bit different as it works at the product line level. In this article, we will dive deeper into everything relevant to product marketing.

What is product marketing?

What is product marketing

Product marketing is a new concept in marketing. In general, product marketing is the process of launching a specific product into the market and ensuring its success. Product marketing is a combination of researching to understand customers’ needs, deciding the product’s positioning, creating the product’s messaging, and driving demand and revenue for the product.

A good product is nothing if it cannot reach its potential consumers who will benefit from it. Product marketing involves determining the product’s target audiences and finding approaches to them.

Product marketing plays a significant role in setting the perception of customers and other internal teams about a product. It makes these people understand the value of the product.

We have to take note that marketing a product does not stop after the product’s launch. Not only bring it to the market, but it must also go further to ensure the product’s growth. The product marketing team has to collect customer feedback to reposition an existing product.

The key to differentiating product marketing from other types of marketing such as corporate marketing, brand marketing, or regional marketing is that it just focuses on a particular product and acts as a customer champion.

Product marketing can be the bridge between sales, marketing, product, and support teams. Product marketers take the data from all other teams to analyze customers’ demands. Also, they support other teams to enhance their effectiveness and efficiency.


The importance of product marketing

There are several reasons why opting for product marketing specifically, rather than general business marketing, offers distinct advantages. Here’s a breakdown of the main ones:

Launching products is challenging – product marketing can enhance success rates

According to Harvard Business School professor Clayton Christensen, out of the 30,000 new consumer products introduced annually, many end in failure.

Achieving success in product marketing entails more than just creating a marketable product; it involves crafting one that demonstrates a profound understanding of customers’ needs and desires. Product marketers are deeply involved in every stage of the process to ensure success, ensuring that the product communicates the right story from its usage to its messaging.

Products alone are insufficient – storytelling is equally crucial

Even if a product offers the best solution to a problem, its success hinges on effective presentation. Even if a product meets all requirements, its failure might stem from shortcomings in content marketing during its launch.

Crafting the right narrative through marketing and sales ensures that your product not only fulfills its purpose but also continually generates demand through external communications. Product messaging is pivotal in propelling a product to become a customer favorite, and product marketing aids in devising tailored strategies for each product.

Product marketers are committed to the success of individual products

Adopting a dedicated product marketing approach allows for not only the creation of a product but also ensuring its success upon launch. A product marketing manager can facilitate customer outreach, monitor feedback, derive insights for future strategies, and assist sales teams in maximizing product potential.

A marketing department focused on branding the entire business may overlook crucial features, neglect specific product-market fit nuances, or lack the time to dedicate to each product individually. The primary responsibility of a product marketer is to guarantee that each product resonates with its target customer, thereby increasing its chances of success.

Product marketing vs Marketing

Marketing is a broad concept, including all corporate marketing activities such as brand marketing, content marketing, performance marketing, product marketing, etc.

Traditional marketing focuses primarily on lead generation and conversion. Marketing targets mainly visitors and prospects.

Product marketing is a component of general marketing that specializes in shaping and communicating a particular product. Product marketing drives demand from both potential and existing customers.

With understanding the product’s audiences on a deep level, product marketing supports other marketing activities by ensuring consistent customer experience.

Product marketing vs Product management

Product marketing vs Product management

In fact, there are several overlaps between product marketing and product management. The key difference can be described as:

The product management team is responsible for the creation of a product. Product managers shape the product features, convert the ideas into practices. They lead the product research and development team and manage product over its lifecycle.

On the other hand, product marketers convert product features into solutions and bring them into the right people. Product marketers are responsible for promoting and selling a product to a customer.

Product marketing managers can support product managers by providing insights of customers to the product team to develop a product that fits customers’ needs.

Product marketing vs Sales enablement

Product marketing vs Sales enablement

There are some similarities between product marketing and sales enablement. Some people even think they are the same function with different names. Actually, product marketing can support sales enablement in many aspects.

Sales enablement is accountable for making sales personnel understand their customers, new product features, unique product benefits, etc. Product marketing that carries out tons of research can definitely provide this information.

Product marketing vs Customer success

Product marketing vs Customer success

Customer success teams are the ones who drive product usage and help customers take full advantage when using the product.

Product marketing teams can support customer success teams to understand clearly about product features and customer expectations.

Product marketing also takes feedback from customer care teams as a source for their analyses.

7 P’s of product marketing

7 P’s of product marketing

Product marketers often consider 7 P’s as a set of core principles to take initiatives in product marketing strategy. Let’s look at each of the 7 P’s.


Product marketers must understand customers’ pain points, then work closely with the product manager to develop a product with the ability to resolve these pain points. In other words, the product should be what customers are expecting.


To determine the perfect price for a specific product, product marketers have to analyze the overall marketplace, the intensity of demand, and other competitors. The product marketing team should examine and reexamine the price of the product to make sure it always represents the good value for money.


Place, in this case, is where your target consumers find your product. Nowadays, the place in product marketing not only illustrates a physical place like a store or corner in the market, but it can also be an online store. For example, a software company definitely chooses an online distribution to sell their products.


In the concept of product marketing, promotion does not just refer to the advertisement. It includes brand awareness, product differentiation, demand drive, lead generation. Overall, promotion means product messaging.


Process in product marketing refers to the process through which a customer buys and gets their desired product.

For example, an online store owner has to think about how to simplify and optimize their checkout page to decrease the abandoned cart rate. Meanwhile, the owner of a physical store has to pay attention to how their products are displayed on the shelf.


People are the ones inside or outside your organization who carry out all tasks required in bringing the product to the market and ensure its longevity. As a product marketer, you must have the ability to coordinate these people to achieve the final goal.

Physical evidence

Getting and analyzing feedback is critical when marketing a product. Does the input indicate that your product is good? No one wants to launch a product that isn’t as good as expected.

5 C’s of product marketing

5 C’s of product marketing

Like other marketing activities, product marketing also uses a 5C marketing framework to analyze the landscape around a product.


Before launching a product, it is crucial to analyze how well the company is doing in the marketplace and its reputation. Understanding the company’s product line, its goals and objectives are vital to ensure the new product does not violate the business’s image in the community.


In this section, you have to list down if there is an outside source or third party that evolves in the marketing process, such as suppliers or distributors.


For a product marketer, it is obviously the most vital part in the 5C analysis. The key is to define who your customers are, which of their needs your product is attempting to satisfy, and what tangible and intangible benefits your product provides these customers.

By understanding your customers deeply, you would be more effective in delivering your product to the right people and persuading them to buy and keep buying.

Research of the market, including size, growth, segments, purchasing behaviors, and seasonal factors, will help you understand the motivation behind your customers’ purchases.


As a product marketer, you have to know your competitors who are providing similar products or alternatives. How many active and potential competitors? How well are they performing? How can your product be better?

Market position, market share, and strengths and weaknesses are analyses you have to conduct.

Context (Climate)

There are macro-environmental factors such as economic, political, regulatory, social, technological environment impact your product performance. Product marketing has responsibility for analyzing these factors, then finding solutions to overcome any limitations caused by these things.

Read more: 4 Ps Of Marketing

Core functions of product marketing

Core functions of product marketing

Customer research

Before a product launch, product marketing plays a key role in determining the ideal target market and analyzing potential customers.

Product marketing teams carry out tons of interviews, market surveys to understand customers’ greatest challenges, their behaviors, what they like, and dislike, etc. Key insights help product development team tailor product features to solve existing problems of target audiences.

After launching the product, product marketers work closely with the sales team and customer service team to collect feedback from customers then provide the development team with practical recommendations.

Competitor research

Competitor research

To prepare for bringing a new product to the market, product marketing conducts research to understand competitors and alternatives, then build competitive advantages.

What are the must-have features? What are the compelling features? What functions are fundamental? What functions are differentiating? After all, product marketers are the ones responsible for the questions.

Telling solution stories

Product marketing spreads success stories that describe how the product delivers real benefits and how customers use it to materialize their goals.

A product manager is the one who brings out the problem statement. And the product marketer is who writes solution stories.

From the perspective of product marketing, it must be not only selling a product but also selling an experience. In fact, no one wants a product. People want a solution to their problem.

Only describing features, benefits, data means that you are missing many opportunities to create customer engagement. However, when you tell a story that is memorable and emotional, then you win the game.

Product positioning

Product marketers create an internal document to educate everyone across the organization about the position of the product in the market. This document describes the unique features of a product and what makes it better than alternatives.

Positioning is the answer to the following questions:

  • Why is the product made?
  • Who is it made for?
  • What problems can it solve?
  • How is it different?

Positioning is the strategic practice applied in developing a new product or improving an existing one.

Product messaging

Product messaging is the product description shared outside the world. This enables the target audiences to understand product benefits and how it works.

Product messaging shapes a formula for other marketing activities such as advertising, content writing, social media posting. It is critical to ensure that product messages are consistent across all channels.

Driving product distribution

Driving product distribution

Based on a deep understanding of product and target audiences, product marketers can make sure the product reaches their potential customers. Product marketing teams build and implement plans to engage customers via communication channels.

Product marketing carries out continuously testing, analyzing to optimize the performance of distribution channels.

Training workforce

If the product management team demos the product, the product marketing team communicates the value and differentiating benefits of the product.

Product marketing accelerates internal training across the business to enable all teams to deliver a consistent experience to customers.

It is evident that internal communication is as important as external communication. Pre product launch, product marketers are responsible for making everyone and everything prepared and ready. For example, the website is ready to go live, or the customer support team is prepared to handle customer inquiries.

To sum up, product marketing brings many benefits to a business. It identifies the right product and brings it to the right customer. Product marketing drives revenue and profit and ensures company sustainability.

For small businesses or start-ups, one or some products can be the whole company. Product marketing is actually marketing the entire firm. It is the only way to grow your business.

When your business grows, product marketing gives key insights to add new features to an existing product or define which new products should be developed. With these insights, the business owner is able to identify market demands and build successful strategies.

These days, in a dynamic and increasingly competitive market, product marketing is a significant contributor to the success of any organization.

Practical tips for launching your product

Practical tips for launching your product

Organize a giveaway

Pre-launch giveaways and contests are the most popular techniques to create expectations and excitement for a product’s release. They should be held weeks or months before the product’s official launch.

When you hold a giveaway event, you should make it as viral as possible. Choosing the right channels where your potential customers most interact is very significant. Also, it is crucial to be creative so that people don’t consider your event as spam.

Increase your organic visibility

A good product means nothing if the target audiences cannot search for it. These days, almost all people look for solutions to their problems via the Internet. So before a product launch, you have to get your SEO on point.

Utilizing your blog page is strategic to enhance your SEO.

Create shareable content

In this digital age, content is the king. It is the most reliable marketing strategy. Product marketers should invest time in creating high-quality content that talks about your business in general, and your product in particular, like a digital catalog for example.

Take a chance with remarketing

You do not have to bring a new product to an entirely new market. Product marketing can make use of the database of frequent customers and even visitors with abandoned carts.

Build a relationship with them and do not forget to tell them about your product release.

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Create a recommendation system

Word of mouth seems to be incredibly useful to get a product out there. People naturally talk to their family, friends, colleagues, relatives about the products they have purchased.

You can encourage them to engage more via an incentive system for recommendations. Offering a discount code or free shipping if customers recommend your product is a common tip.

Build relationships with influencers

Influencers are usually experts in a specific area, and they have loyal audiences who are willing to follow their recommendations.

If you have good relationships with bloggers and influencers, you can get them sharing about your product.

Prepare your FAQ

When you bring a new product into the market, consumers usually have a bunch of questions about its functionalities and benefits. The more revolutionary your product is, the more you will have to prepare.

You should put yourself in the customer’s shoes to create a complete and easy to understand Frequently Asked Questions section.

Utilize email marketing

Email marketing may be considered as an old fashioned marketing strategy; however, it is still as active as ever.

To implement an effective email marketing strategy, you have to generate and organize a database. Then you use useful information to create a highly personalized message to receivers. People feel like the emails have been written for them individually.

Examples of successful product marketing strategies



Apple’s philosophy revolves around pioneering innovation and crafting user-friendly, aesthetically pleasing products. Their primary target demographic comprises affluent young professionals aged 18 to 24, who seek cutting-edge technology.

The iPhone business model is designed to continuously introduce new features and offer supplementary accessories and apps, ensuring a steady stream of revenue from upgrades and add-ons.

Renowned for its customer-centric approach, Apple invests heavily in research and development to anticipate consumer desires. Initially making waves in the music industry with iTunes, they’ve since expanded their reach.

Through meticulously orchestrated events and engaging marketing strategies, Apple captivates audiences and cultivates a sense of excitement around its products. Their iconic launch events often spark overnight queues as eager consumers await the next “must-have” gadget.

Consequently, the iPhone stands as Apple’s most lucrative product line, eclipsing all others in revenue generation.



In 2008, Uber emerged with a clear mission: to address the pressing issue of inadequate taxi availability.

At the time, accessing cab services posed a challenge as drivers were often unavailable when and where needed. Booking required either locating specific taxi stands or making advance arrangements with cab companies, resulting in a significant gap between demand and supply.

Uber’s solution was revolutionary: creating the largest taxi network globally by connecting consumers and drivers through an innovative software platform.

Their product marketing emphasized:

  • Transforming the way people move

  • Enhancing urban accessibility

  • Making it easier for people to get closer to their cities

Success was gauged through various metrics, including:

  • Product-market and pricing alignment: Ensuring customers consistently received fair pricing, irrespective of surge conditions

  • Expansion: Determining the number of major cities penetrated and the acquisition rate of drivers within specific time frames, as well as partnerships with compatible devices to optimize software functionality

  • Communication: Identifying effective social media channels for product marketing, assessing brand awareness impact, leveraging app store promotions, and evaluating the correlation between communication efforts and financial performance

  • Launch initiatives: Evaluating the effectiveness of campaigns such as the “refer a friend” program in boosting brand recognition.



McDonald’s, the iconic restaurant chain, traces its roots back to California in 1940. Their initial product marketing strategy revolved around positioning their restaurants as desired destinations for customers, with a mission to bring smiles to every patron and maintain unwavering customer-centricity.

They garnered global acclaim as a leading fast-food provider through a shrewd combination of competitive pricing and bundled offerings like Happy Meals and meal deals. Leveraging Ronald McDonald as the emblematic figure in their marketing narrative, McDonald’s established an instantly recognizable brand identity.

Strategically selecting their market niche, McDonald’s expanded rapidly across America, catering to individuals seeking convenience and affordable dining options. They further emphasized affordability by offering vouchers and discounts, solidifying their appeal to budget-conscious consumers.

In addition to their core offerings, McDonald’s consistently engages customers through interactive initiatives such as McDonald’s Monopoly and introducing mini-products within their saver menu. These initiatives are supported by robust product marketing campaigns spanning television, media, and billboards, ensuring widespread visibility and engagement with consumers on the move.


In today’s market, thanks to advanced technology, companies all over the world can compete with each other. So it is even more critical to have a product marketing team dedicated to understanding customers and the market and use these insights to ensure the company is executing appropriate strategies.

Ultimately, product marketing accelerates product as well as business growth and longevity by championing the customer, communicating the product value, and driving product distribution.

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Marketing Manager of Mageplaza. Summer is attracted by new things. She loves writing, travelling and photography. Perceives herself as a part-time gymmer and a full-time dream chaser.

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