Magento 2 API Create Simple Products

Being the most basic product type in Magento, a simple product is a physical item with a single SKU. Thanks to a variety of pricing and of input controls, simple products are possible to sell variations of the product. In this article, I will instruct you to create a simple product with Magento 2 API through the below steps:

Step 1: Plan The Product

Defind The Simple Product Charateristics

Note:

  • The payloads for creating a simple product and a configurable product are similar, with the following exceptions:
    • The simple product sku attaches the configurable option to the configurable product sku.
    • The name shows the size.
    • The type_id is set to simple.
    • The visibility is set to 1, meaning that the simple product should not be displayed on the store.
    • The price and size attributes are specified.
  • Although it is not required, the simple product payload also contains stock_item information. By default, out-of-stock items are hidden, so adding stock will make the product visible on the website.

Assuming that we need to create a small Dime t-shirt as a single product in Magento 2. The following table displays the attributes of the men t-shirt we are creating:

Characteristic Description
Attribute Set Top
Product Name Dime Tee Small
SKU MS-Dime-S
Price 30
Tax Class Taxable Goods
Weight 0.6
Categories Men, Tops, Tees
Visibility Not display on the store
Material LumaTech
Pattern Graphic Print
Color Gray
Size Small
Description The Dime Tee is soft, comfortable and durable. You will love the way you look in this tailored tee shirt.

The online store typically gives the product name, SKU, price, weight, and description. The system defines other attributes.

Find The System-Defined Values

To find the values needed to create the product, we have to make several calls.

Step 2: Create The First Simple Product

Please use the below code sample to create the first simple product.

Endpoint

POST <host>/rest/default/V1/products

Payload

{
  "product": {
    "sku": "MS-Dime-S",
    "name": "Dime Tee Small",
    "attribute_set_id": 9,
    "price": 25,
    "status": 1,
    "visibility": 1,
    "type_id": "simple",
    "weight": "0.6",
    "extension_attributes": {
    	"category_links": [
    		{
    			"position": 0,
    			"category_id": "11"
    		},
    		{
    			"position": 1,
    			"category_id": "12"
    		},
    		{
    			"position": 2,
    			"category_id": "16"
    		}
    	],
    	"stock_item": {
    		"qty": "10",
    		"is_in_stock": true
    	}
    },
    "custom_attributes": [
    	{
    		"attribute_code": "description",
    		"value": "The Dime Tee is soft, comfortable and durable. You will love the way you look in this tailored tee shirt."
    	},
    	{
    		"attribute_code": "tax_class_id",
    		"value": "2"
    	},
    	{
    		"attribute_code": "material",
    		"value": "148"
    	},
    	{
    		"attribute_code": "pattern",
    		"value": "196"
    	},
    	{
    		"attribute_code": "color",
    		"value": "52"
    	},
    	{
    		"attribute_code": "size",
    		"value": "168"
    	}
    ]
  }
}

Response

{
    "id": 2079,
    "sku": "MS-Dime-S",
    "name": "Dime Tee Small",
    "attribute_set_id": 9,
    "price": 25,
    "status": 1,
    "visibility": 1,
    "type_id": "simple",
    "created_at": "2017-11-29 20:40:07",
    "updated_at": "2017-11-29 20:40:07",
    "weight": 0.6,
    "extension_attributes": {
        "website_ids": [
            1
        ],
        "category_links": [
            {
                "position": 0,
                "category_id": "11"
            },
            {
                "position": 1,
                "category_id": "12"
            },
            {
                "position": 2,
                "category_id": "16"
            }
        ],
        "stock_item": {
            "item_id": 2079,
            "product_id": 2079,
            "stock_id": 1,
            "qty": 10,
            "is_in_stock": true,
            "is_qty_decimal": false,
            "show_default_notification_message": false,
            "use_config_min_qty": true,
            "min_qty": 0,
            "use_config_min_sale_qty": 1,
            "min_sale_qty": 1,
            "use_config_max_sale_qty": true,
            "max_sale_qty": 10000,
            "use_config_backorders": true,
            "backorders": 0,
            "use_config_notify_stock_qty": true,
            "notify_stock_qty": 1,
            "use_config_qty_increments": true,
            "qty_increments": 0,
            "use_config_enable_qty_inc": true,
            "enable_qty_increments": false,
            "use_config_manage_stock": true,
            "manage_stock": true,
            "low_stock_date": null,
            "is_decimal_divided": false,
            "stock_status_changed_auto": 0
        }
    },
    "product_links": [],
    "options": [],
    "media_gallery_entries": [],
    "tier_prices": [],
    "custom_attributes": [
        {
            "attribute_code": "description",
            "value": "The Dime Tee is soft, comfortable and durable. You will love the way you look in this tailored tee shirt."
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "color",
            "value": "52"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "category_ids",
            "value": [
                "11",
                "12",
                "16"
            ]
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "options_container",
            "value": "container2"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "required_options",
            "value": "0"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "has_options",
            "value": "0"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "url_key",
            "value": "champ-tee-small"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "tax_class_id",
            "value": "2"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "material",
            "value": "148"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "size",
            "value": "168"
        },
        {
            "attribute_code": "pattern",
            "value": "196"
        }
    ]
}

Step 3: Create The Other Simple Products

If you want to create other simple products (for example Dime Tee in medium or large size), repeat the call with the following changes to the payload:

Attribute Medium Value Large Value
sku MS-Dime-M MS-Dime-L
name Dime Tee Medium Dime Tee Large
size 169 170

Step 4: Verify The Results

  • Access to your admin panel, navigate to Catalog > Products. Now you will see the products on the grid.
  • Search for Dime on your storefront page. No results are shown.

Conclusions

Above are the details instruction for creating a simple product with Magento 2 API. With this article, I hope you can manage your online store more effectively. If you have any questions or want to discuss some things related to this post, feel free to leave a comment below!

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