A Guide on How to Create Magento 2 Events & Observers

In this example we will show you How to create a event in Magento 2, we only catch the event to show the word Mageplaza - Event on the frontend so we should create an events.xml file in etc/frontend folder.

Overview of creating events in Magento 2

Understand Catching and handling a event

Magento use area definition to manage the store. We will have a frontend area and admin area. With the configuration file, they can be put in 3 places:

  • Under etc/ folder is the configuration which can be used in both admin and frontend.
  • Under etc/frontend folder will be used for frontend area.
  • Under etc/adminhtml folder will be used for admin area.

The same with the event configuration file. You can create events configuration file for each area like this:

  • Admin area: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/etc/adminhtml/events.xml
  • Frontend area: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/etc/frontend/events.xml
  • Global area: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/etc/events.xml

Step 1: Dispatch event

Now we want to dispatch an magento 2 event list which allow other module can change the word displayed. We will change the controller like this:

File: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/Controller/Index/Test.php

Content would be:


namespace Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Controller\Index;

class Test extends \Magento\Framework\App\Action\Action

	public function execute()
		$textDisplay = new \Magento\Framework\DataObject(array('text' => 'Mageplaza'));
		$this->_eventManager->dispatch('mageplaza_helloworld_display_text', ['mp_text' => $textDisplay]);
		echo $textDisplay->getText();

The dispatch method will receive 2 arguments: an unique event name and an array data. In this example, we add the data object to the event and call it back to display the text.

Step 2: Create a event file: events.xml

File: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/etc/frontend/events.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<config xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="urn:magento:framework:Event/etc/events.xsd">
    <event name="mageplaza_helloworld_display_text">
        <observer name="mp_display_text" instance="Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Observer\ChangeDisplayText" />

In this file, under config element, we define an event element with the name is the event name which was dispatch above. The class which will execute this event will be define in the observer element by instance attribute. The name of observer is used to identify this with other observers of this event.

With this events.xml file, Magento will execute class Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Observer\ChangeDisplayText whenever the dispatch method of this event was called on frontend area. Please note that, we place events.xml in the frontend area, so if you dispatch that event in the admin area (like admin controller), it will not run.

Step 3: Create Observer class

Now we will create a class to execute above event.

File: app/code/Mageplaza/HelloWorld/Observer/ChangeDisplayText.php


namespace Mageplaza\HelloWorld\Observer;

class ChangeDisplayText implements \Magento\Framework\Event\ObserverInterface
	public function execute(\Magento\Framework\Event\Observer $observer)
		$displayText = $observer->getData('mp_text');
		echo $displayText->getText() . " - Event </br>";
		$displayText->setText('Execute event successfully.');

		return $this;

This class will implement the ObserverInterface and declare the execute method. You can see this simple method to know how it work.

Step 4: Flush cache and check the result

Let’s flush cache and see the result.

create event magento 2

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Hello, I'm the Chief Technology Officer of Mageplaza, and I am thrilled to share my story with you. My deep love and passion for technology have fueled my journey as a professional coder and an ultra-marathon runner. Over the past decade, I have accumulated extensive experience and honed my expertise in PHP development.

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