Magento 2 How to Run Unit Tests via Command Line
In this tutorial, we will talk about How to Run Unit Tests via Command Line in Command Line Series. As you know, from Magento 2, they add many commands in
bin/magento. This topic might be difficult to understand but I will make it clear in this post. I will explain in more detail about How to Run Unit Tests via Command Line.
Let’s learn about Magento unit testing first.
What is Unit Testing in Magento 2?
Unit testing is a level of software testing where individual units/components of a software are tested. It is to validate that there is no problem with the performance of each unit of the software.
So why Unit Test?
Here are some benefits of unit testing:
- Find the problems early
- Quickly facilitate changes and identify faults caused by changes
- Test code to identify what it is responsible for to create better design
How to Run Unit Tests via Command Line
Go to Magento admin root folder and show usage:
php bin/magento dev:tests:run --help
Usage: dev:tests:run [options] [--] [<type>] Arguments: type Type of test to run. Available types: all, unit, integration, integration-all, static, static-a ll, integrity, legacy, default [default: "default"] Options: -c, --arguments=ARGUMENTS Additional arguments for PHPUnit. Example: "-c'--filter=MyTest'" (no spaces) [default: ""] -h, --help Display this help message -q, --quiet Do not output any message -V, --version Display this application version --ansi Force ANSI output --no-ansi Disable ANSI output -n, --no-interaction Do not ask any interactive question -v|vv|vvv, --verbose Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug Help: Runs tests
Syntax to Run Unit Tests
php bin/magento dev:tests:run [options]
Simple run tests
php bin/magento dev:tests:run
ERRORS! Tests: 4163, Assertions: 14590, Errors: 6, Failures: 29, Warnings: 1, Skipped: 173, Incomplete: 1. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- FAILED - 4 of 5: - dev/tests/unit> /usr/bin/php7.0 ./vendor/phpunit/phpunit/phpunit - dev/tests/static/framework/tests/unit> /usr/bin/php7.0 ./vendor/phpunit/phpunit/phpunit - dev/tests/integration> /usr/bin/php7.0 ./vendor/phpunit/phpunit/phpunit - dev/tests/static> /usr/bin/php7.0 ./vendor/phpunit/phpunit/phpunit
In this article, I have just guided you on how to run unit tests via the command line in Magento 2. I hope it’s helpful for you. If you have any doubts about this topic, feel free to leave a comment below.
Thank you for reading!
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